Farriers who routinely treat angular limb deformity and flexural deformity in foals will work in co-operation with equine veterinary surgeons experienced in these conditions. The objective is early detection, effective reversal of both angular and flexural limb deformity, restoring the foal to normal healthy conformation and development.
The greater part of managing foal development is affected by diet, exercise and how well the foal thrives on the mare, but there is a fine balance that can easily be tipped the wrong way resulting in deformity. The farrier’s role is highly valuable in maintaining, detecting and correcting deviations from the norm, when necessary. These conditions are divided into angular limb deformity (ALD ) and flexural deformity (FD). Beginning with ALD , deviation from the normal alignment of the foal limb either medially or laterally. (This is not limb rotation, which is untreatable by the farrier.) These conditions may be present at parturition and could be congenital, or are acquired as the foal develops, often when the foal is growing rapidly.